California

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Employment & Earnings

Rank:

15

Grade:

B-

Statistic WomenMenRankPercent
What Workers Earn, 2013$42,000$50,0009
Gender Wage Ratio, 2013684.0%
Labor Force Participation Rate, 201357.2%69.9%38
Share of All Workers in Managerial and Professional Jobs, 201339.6%34.5%22
What Workers Earn by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White$51,782$68,000
               Hispanic$30,000$31,200
               Black$43,630$49,711
               Asian/Pacific Islander$49,718$58,850
               Native American$39,000$45,659
               Other Race or Two or More Races$46,572$54,791
Share of All Workers in Managerial and Professional Jobs by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White49.2%47.4%
               Hispanic23.0%14.6%
               Black38.4%31.7%
               Asian/Pacific Islander47.9%49.4%
               Native American35.0%27.3%
               Other Race or Two or More Races43.1%40.6%
Percent of Employed Women and Men in STEM Occupations, 20135.3%10.9%
Women's Share of All STEM Workers, 20132428.9%
Gender Wage Ratio for Millennials (Aged 16-34), 2011-2013497.6%
What Workers Earn and Gender Earnings Ratio for Workers with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher (Aged 25 and Older), 2013$65,000$90,00072.2%
Percent of Employed Women and Men Working Part-Time, 201331.6%17.8%
Union Wage Advantage in Median Weekly Earnings for Full-Time Wage and Salary Women Workers, 2011-2014$24432.7%
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Political Participation

Rank:

8

Grade:

C+

Statistic ScoreRankWomenMenRank for Women
Women in Elected Office Index3.383
Percent Registered to Vote, 2010/2012 Average53.8%51.0%50
Percent Who Voted, 2010/2012 Average44.7%42.0%50
Women's Institutional Resources Index2.001
Number of U.S. Senators Who Are Women, 20152
Proportion of U.S. Representatives Who Are Women, 201535.8%7
Proportion of U.S. Representatives Who Are Women of Color, 201518.9%4
Proportion of State Senators Who Are Women, 201527.5%15 (tie)
Proportion of State Representatives Who Are Women, 201525.0%24 (tie)
Proportion of State Legislators Who Are Women of Color, 201512.5%5
Proportion of Statewide Elected Executive Offices Held by Women, 201528.6%18 (tie)
Proportion of Statewide Elected Executive Offices Held by Women of Color, 201528.6%
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Poverty & Opportunity

Rank:

23

Grade:

C

Statistic WomenMenRankPercent
Percent with Health Insurance, 201378.6%73.4%38
Percent with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher, 201330.9%31.2%18
Percent Who Own Businesses, 200730.3%49.2%9
Percent above Poverty, 201384.0%87.1%32
Percent with Health Insurance by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White87.1%83.5%
               Hispanic65.4%57.8%
               Black82.2%73.7%
               Asian/Pacific Islander82.2%80.0%
               Native American76.0%64.8%
               Other Race or Two or More Races82.3%77.9%
Percent with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White38.5%41.6%
               Hispanic11.9%10.2%
               Black23.8%21.4%
               Asian/Pacific Islander46.8%49.6%
               Native American17.7%14.9%
               Other Race or Two or More Races36.2%35.2%
Percent with Only a High School Diploma or the Equivalent by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White20.0%19.3%
               Hispanic23.6%25.7%
               Black22.0%26.2%
               Asian/Pacific Islander15.3%14.6%
               Native American25.6%33.3%
               Other Race or Two or More Races16.7%19.5%
Percent Below Poverty by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White10.9%9.3%
               Hispanic22.3%16.8%
               Black24.3%20.7%
               Asian/Pacific Islander12.7%11.5%
               Native American22.8%20.3%
               Other Race or Two or More Races17.7%14.0%
Percent of Households Below Poverty by Household Type, 2011-2013
               Household Headed by Married Couples with Children4711.3%
               Household Headed by Married Couples without Children384.5%
               Households Headed by Single Women with Children2141.2%
               Households Headed by Single Women without Children1719.2%
               Households Headed by Single Men with Children3426.0%
               Households Headed by Single Men without Children2016.2%
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Reproductive Rights

Rank:

9

Grade:

B+

Statistic Yes/NoPercentMixedRate
Does the State Require Parental Notification and/or Consent for Abortion Services for Minors? (as of March 2015)Yes*
Does the State Mandate a Waiting Period Prior to Abortion Services? (as of March 2015)No
What Percent of Women Live in Counties with an Abortion Provider? (2011)99.0%
Does the State Have a Pro-Choice Governor and Legislature? (as of January 2015)Yes
Does the State Provide Public Funding for Abortions? (as of March 2015)Yes
Has the State Adopted the Medicaid Expansion (as of February 2015) or Expanded Eligibility for Medicaid Family Planning Services (as of April 2015)?Yes
Does the State Require Health Insurers to Provide Coverage of Infertility Treatments? (as of June 2014)Yes
Does the State Recognize Same-Sex Marriage (as of March 2015) or Allow Second-Parent Adoption (as of December 2014)?Yes
Does the State Require Schools to Provide Sex Education? (as of March 2015)No
Percent of Low Birth-Weight Babies (less than 5 lbs., 8 oz.) by Race and Ethnicity, 2013
               All Women6.8%
               White Women6.0%
               Hispanic Women6.4%
               Black Women11.4%
Infant Mortality Rates (deaths of infants under age one per 1,000 live births) by Race and Ethnicity, 2010-2012
               All Women4.5
               White Women3.9
               Hispanic Women4.6
               Black Women9.1
               Asian/Pacific Islander Women3.8
               Native American Women6.9
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* permanently enjoined; law not in effect

Health & Well-Being

Rank:

17

Grade:

C+

Statistic WomenMenRank for Women
Heart Disease Mortality (per 100,000 people), 2011-2013122.1195.522
Incidence of Diabetes, 201310.2%10.2%33
Rate of Reported Cases of Chlamydia (per 100,000 people), 2013588.1289.026
Poor Mental Health (mean # of days in past 30 days), 20134.23.423
Lung Cancer Mortality (per 100,000 people), 2011-201328.539.75
Breast Cancer Mortality (per 100,000 people), 2011-201320.625
Incidence of AIDS (per 100,000 people), 20122.316.826
Suicide Mortality (per 100,000 people), 2011-20134.616.29
Limited Activities (mean # of days in past 30 days), 20134.74.628
Heart Disease Mortality (per 100,000 people) by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White132.1215.8
               Hispanic100.2151.9
               Black187.2281.2
               Asian/ Pacific Islander76.5122.0
               Native American129.6215.8
Poor Mental Health (mean # of days in past 30 days) by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White4.23.2
               Hispanic4.53.7
               Black5.54.1
               Asian/ Pacific Islander3.02.3
               Native American6.74.5
               Other Race or Two or More Races5.04.6
Incidence of Diabetes by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White7.4%8.4%
               Hispanic11.5%10.4%
               Black15.7%17.6%
               Asian/ Pacific Islander7.9%10.1%
               Native American13.1%13.1%
               Other Race or Two or More Races9.1%11.5%
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Work & Family

Rank:

2

Grade:

B

Statistic ScoreRankPercentage Points
Paid Leave Legislation Index2.001
Elder and Dependent Care Index1.0022
Child Care Index0.9540
Gender Gap in Labor Force Participation Rates for Parents of Children under Six, 20134732.3
Households with a Breadwinner Mother as Percent of all Households with Children, 2011-201346.5%
Single Mothers as Percent of All Female Breadwinners, 2011-201348.5%
Percent of Married Couples with Female Breadwinner, 2011-201335.7%
Average Cost of Full-Time Infant Care in a Center, 2013$11,628
Average Annual Cost of Full-Time Infant Care in a Center as Percent of Women's Full-Time, Year-Round Median Annual Earnings, 20133327.7%
Percent of Four-Year-Olds Enrolled in State Pre-K, Preschool Special Education, and State and Federal Head Start, 2012-20132728.7%
Preschool Quality Standards (Out of 10), 2012-2013374
Women Living with a Person with a Disability, 2011-20132714.5%
Temporary Disability Insurance Statewide, 2014Yes
Paid Leave (for FMLA Reasons), 2014Yes
Paid Sick Days, 2014State
Unemployment Insurance Covers Family Care Reasons, 2014Yes
Dependent Care Credits Not Limited to Child Care, 2014Yes
Maximum Dependent Care Credit$525
Credit RefundableNo
Number of Long-Term Support Services That Can Be Delegated to a Home Care Agency Waiver (Out of 16), 20132
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Violence & Safety

Rank:

-

Grade:

-

Statistic GirlsBoysYes/No
Percent of Students (Grades 9–12) Who Have Experienced Physical Dating Violence, 2013
Percent of Students (Grades 9–12) Who Have Experienced Harassment or Bullying at School, 2013
Does State Law Provide Unemployment Insurance Benefits to Domestic Violence Victims? 2014Yes
Gun Possession Bar on Individuals Subject to Domestic Violence Protection Orders? 2014Yes
Percent of Students (Grades 9–12) Who Have Experienced Sexual Dating Violence, 2013
Percent of Students (Grades 9–12) Who Experienced Electronic Bullying, 2013
Percent of Students (Grades 9-12) Who Did Not Go to School at Least One Day in the Past Month Because Felt Unsafe, 2013
Does the State Have an Employment Rights Law for Victims of Domestic Violence? 2014Yes
Does the State Have a General Crime Victim Protection Law? 2014Yes
Gun Possession Bar on Individuals Convicted of Misdemeanor Domestic Violence Crimes? 2014Yes
Gun Possession Bar on Individuals Convicted of Misdemeanor Sex Crimes? 2014Yes
Gun Possession Bar on Individuals Convicted of Misdemeanor Stalking Crimes? 2014Yes
Bar for Misdemeanor Domestic Violence Crimes, Including “Dating Partners”? 2014Yes
Required Surrender of Certain Firearms by Persons Convicted of Misdemeanor Domestic Violence Crimes? 2014No
Required Surrender of Certain Firearms by Persons Subject to Domestic Violence Restraining Orders? 2014Yes
Required Removal of Certain Firearms by Law Enforcement at Specified Domestic Violence Incidents? 2014Yes
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Demographics

Statistic Women Men Ratio Percent
Number of Women and Men, All Ages19,273,78219,058,739
Sex Ratio (Women to Men, Aged 18 and Older)1.01:1
Median Age of All Women and Men3634
Proportion of Women and Men Aged 65 and Older14.0%11.1%
Proportion of Women and Men Under Age 3547.3%50.5%
Number of Same-Sex Partner Households48,81358,616
Proportion of Women and Men Living in Metropolitan Areas, All Ages97.6%97.4%
Proportion of Women and Men Who Are Immigrants, All Ages27.7%26.2%
Percent of Federal and State Prison Population Who Are Women4.6%
Proportion of Women and Men with a Disability, Aged 21–648.6%9.0%