Iowa

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Employment & Earnings

Rank:

27

Grade:

C

Statistic WomenMenRankPercent
What Workers Earn, 2013$35,000$45,00027
Gender Wage Ratio, 20132977.8%
Labor Force Participation Rate, 201362.7%71.0%11
Share of All Workers in Managerial and Professional Jobs, 201338.1%30.3%34
What Workers Earn by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White$35,513$45,659
               Hispanic$25,891$30,439
               Black$28,600$40,000
               Asian/Pacific Islander$32,053$50,732
               Native American
               Other Race or Two or More Races
Share of All Workers in Managerial and Professional Jobs by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White39.0%30.9%
               Hispanic18.9%14.1%
               Black25.5%30.8%
               Asian/Pacific Islander40.4%58.8%
               Native American
               Other Race or Two or More Races20.6%16.1%
Percent of Employed Women and Men in STEM Occupations, 20134.8%9.3%
Women's Share of All STEM Workers, 2013832.2%
Gender Wage Ratio for Millennials (Aged 16-34), 2011-20133984.6%
What Workers Earn and Gender Earnings Ratio for Workers with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher (Aged 25 and Older), 2013$50,000$65,00076.9%
Percent of Employed Women and Men Working Part-Time, 201329.9%14.8%
Union Wage Advantage in Median Weekly Earnings for Full-Time Wage and Salary Women Workers, 2011-2014$20130.7%
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Political Participation

Rank:

9

Grade:

C

Statistic ScoreRankWomenMenRank for Women
Women in Elected Office Index2.0722
Percent Registered to Vote, 2010/2012 Average73.3%69.7%8
Percent Who Voted, 2010/2012 Average60.2%56.7%5
Women's Institutional Resources Index1.5011
Number of U.S. Senators Who Are Women, 20151
Proportion of U.S. Representatives Who Are Women, 20150.0%33 (tie)
Proportion of U.S. Representatives Who Are Women of Color, 20150.0%17 (tie)
Proportion of State Senators Who Are Women, 201514.0%42
Proportion of State Representatives Who Are Women, 201527.0%18
Proportion of State Legislators Who Are Women of Color, 20152.7%34 (tie)
Proportion of Statewide Elected Executive Offices Held by Women, 201533.3%11 (tie)
Proportion of Statewide Elected Executive Offices Held by Women of Color, 20150.0%
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Poverty & Opportunity

Rank:

26

Grade:

C-

Statistic WomenMenRankPercent
Percent with Health Insurance, 201389.3%85.5%7
Percent with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher, 201326.7%25.2%36
Percent Who Own Businesses, 200725.5%46.2%43
Percent above Poverty, 201386.3%90.2%19
Percent with Health Insurance by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White90.3%87.8%
               Hispanic71.2%63.1%
               Black81.2%74.0%
               Asian/Pacific Islander86.9%86.1%
               Native American69.2%59.5%
               Other Race or Two or More Races84.5%80.3%
Percent with a Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White27.1%25.8%
               Hispanic12.1%12.5%
               Black17.2%19.6%
               Asian/Pacific Islander51.5%57.9%
               Native American10.8%11.0%
               Other Race or Two or More Races17.4%20.9%
Percent with Only a High School Diploma or the Equivalent by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White31.8%35.2%
               Hispanic26.7%27.7%
               Black26.4%34.9%
               Asian/Pacific Islander16.7%13.0%
               Native American20.9%38.8%
               Other Race or Two or More Races33.2%35.2%
Percent Below Poverty by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White12.0%8.5%
               Hispanic25.2%19.1%
               Black33.7%25.3%
               Asian/Pacific Islander15.9%21.9%
               Native American34.3%25.6%
               Other Race or Two or More Races23.2%30.0%
Percent of Households Below Poverty by Household Type, 2011-2013
               Household Headed by Married Couples with Children115.2%
               Household Headed by Married Couples without Children112.6%
               Households Headed by Single Women with Children2743.1%
               Households Headed by Single Women without Children2520.1%
               Households Headed by Single Men with Children1117.7%
               Households Headed by Single Men without Children2516.5%
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Reproductive Rights

Rank:

19

Grade:

C+

Statistic Yes/NoPercentMixedRate
Does the State Require Parental Notification and/or Consent for Abortion Services for Minors? (as of March 2015)Yes
Does the State Mandate a Waiting Period Prior to Abortion Services? (as of March 2015)No
What Percent of Women Live in Counties with an Abortion Provider? (2011)50.0%
Does the State Have a Pro-Choice Governor and Legislature? (as of January 2015)X
Does the State Provide Public Funding for Abortions? (as of March 2015)No
Has the State Adopted the Medicaid Expansion (as of February 2015) or Expanded Eligibility for Medicaid Family Planning Services (as of April 2015)?Yes
Does the State Require Health Insurers to Provide Coverage of Infertility Treatments? (as of June 2014)No
Does the State Recognize Same-Sex Marriage (as of March 2015) or Allow Second-Parent Adoption (as of December 2014)?Yes
Does the State Require Schools to Provide Sex Education? (as of March 2015)Yes
Percent of Low Birth-Weight Babies (less than 5 lbs., 8 oz.) by Race and Ethnicity, 2013
               All Women6.6%
               White Women6.3%
               Hispanic Women5.3%
               Black Women10.9%
Infant Mortality Rates (deaths of infants under age one per 1,000 live births) by Race and Ethnicity, 2010-2012
               All Women5.3
               White Women4.7
               Hispanic Women3.8
               Black Women11.4
               Asian/Pacific Islander Women
               Native American Women
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Health & Well-Being

Rank:

10

Grade:

B-

Statistic WomenMenRank for Women
Heart Disease Mortality (per 100,000 people), 2011-2013132.5213.828
Incidence of Diabetes, 20139.4%9.3%25
Rate of Reported Cases of Chlamydia (per 100,000 people), 2013509.5200.614
Poor Mental Health (mean # of days in past 30 days), 20133.52.55
Lung Cancer Mortality (per 100,000 people), 2011-201336.559.822
Breast Cancer Mortality (per 100,000 people), 2011-201319.613
Incidence of AIDS (per 100,000 people), 20121.54.913
Suicide Mortality (per 100,000 people), 2011-20135.322.317
Limited Activities (mean # of days in past 30 days), 20133.74.02
Heart Disease Mortality (per 100,000 people) by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White132.7214.5
               Hispanic44.2102.8
               Black191.5259.6
               Asian/ Pacific Islander64.7119.4
               Native American
Poor Mental Health (mean # of days in past 30 days) by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White3.42.4
               Hispanic4.03.3
               Black4.42.3
               Asian/ Pacific Islander1.91.7
               Native American5.72.6
               Other Race or Two or More Races10.96.7
Incidence of Diabetes by Race and Ethnicity, 2011-2013
               White8.8%9.4%
               Hispanic5.1%8.6%
               Black11.7%8.4%
               Asian/ Pacific Islander4.0%6.3%
               Native American
               Other Race or Two or More Races14.0%14.7%
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Work & Family

Rank:

9

Grade:

C+

Statistic ScoreRankPercentage Points
Paid Leave Legislation Index0.0012
Elder and Dependent Care Index1.508
Child Care Index1.497
Gender Gap in Labor Force Participation Rates for Parents of Children under Six, 2013318.6
Households with a Breadwinner Mother as Percent of all Households with Children, 2011-201352.2%
Single Mothers as Percent of All Female Breadwinners, 2011-201342.5%
Percent of Married Couples with Female Breadwinner, 2011-201343.8%
Average Cost of Full-Time Infant Care in a Center, 2013$9,185
Average Annual Cost of Full-Time Infant Care in a Center as Percent of Women's Full-Time, Year-Round Median Annual Earnings, 20133026.2%
Percent of Four-Year-Olds Enrolled in State Pre-K, Preschool Special Education, and State and Federal Head Start, 2012-2013770.4%
Preschool Quality Standards (Out of 10), 2012-2013256.9
Women Living with a Person with a Disability, 2011-2013511.3%
Temporary Disability Insurance Statewide, 2014No
Paid Leave (for FMLA Reasons), 2014No
Paid Sick Days, 2014No
Unemployment Insurance Covers Family Care Reasons, 2014No
Dependent Care Credits Not Limited to Child Care, 2014Yes
Maximum Dependent Care Credit$788
Credit RefundableYes
Number of Long-Term Support Services That Can Be Delegated to a Home Care Agency Waiver (Out of 16), 201316
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Violence & Safety

Rank:

-

Grade:

-

Statistic GirlsBoysYes/No
Percent of Students (Grades 9–12) Who Have Experienced Physical Dating Violence, 2013
Percent of Students (Grades 9–12) Who Have Experienced Harassment or Bullying at School, 2013
Does State Law Provide Unemployment Insurance Benefits to Domestic Violence Victims? 2014No
Gun Possession Bar on Individuals Subject to Domestic Violence Protection Orders? 2014Yes
Percent of Students (Grades 9–12) Who Have Experienced Sexual Dating Violence, 2013
Percent of Students (Grades 9–12) Who Experienced Electronic Bullying, 2013
Percent of Students (Grades 9-12) Who Did Not Go to School at Least One Day in the Past Month Because Felt Unsafe, 2013
Does the State Have an Employment Rights Law for Victims of Domestic Violence? 2014No
Does the State Have a General Crime Victim Protection Law? 2014Yes
Gun Possession Bar on Individuals Convicted of Misdemeanor Domestic Violence Crimes? 2014Yes
Gun Possession Bar on Individuals Convicted of Misdemeanor Sex Crimes? 2014No
Gun Possession Bar on Individuals Convicted of Misdemeanor Stalking Crimes? 2014No
Bar for Misdemeanor Domestic Violence Crimes, Including “Dating Partners”? 2014No
Required Surrender of Certain Firearms by Persons Convicted of Misdemeanor Domestic Violence Crimes? 2014Yes
Required Surrender of Certain Firearms by Persons Subject to Domestic Violence Restraining Orders? 2014Yes
Required Removal of Certain Firearms by Law Enforcement at Specified Domestic Violence Incidents? 2014No
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Demographics

Statistic Women Men Ratio Percent
Number of Women and Men, All Ages1,562,4871,527,929
Sex Ratio (Women to Men, Aged 18 and Older)1.02:1
Median Age of All Women and Men3936
Proportion of Women and Men Aged 65 and Older17.3%13.7%
Proportion of Women and Men Under Age 3544.9%47.8%
Number of Same-Sex Partner Households2,1031,608
Proportion of Women and Men Living in Metropolitan Areas, All Ages41.8%41.7%
Proportion of Women and Men Who Are Immigrants, All Ages5.0%5.2%
Percent of Federal and State Prison Population Who Are Women8.2%
Proportion of Women and Men with a Disability, Aged 21–6410.4%10.7%